Arp step 3: secondary source integration


Here is where the magic starts to happen. You have revised your PSA; you have found great sources; you have read these great sources and they have given you great ideas. You are now ready to put it all in a pot and mix it up. 

As the source party handout explained, your sources really need to have roles, and they need to converse with you. A common anxiety with student writers is that your secondary source says what you think already, so you aren’t sure what to do but plop in some quotes and move along. But this is not so: you are entering into a scholarly conversation, and you want your voice to be heard. When you use a quotation from an expert in the field, it is to legitimize your own claims, or to extend your claims, or even to challenge your claims. It’s important to not think about your writing in black and white: there is no one true argument, but a multitude of perspectives.

Expectations of the secondary source integration:

  • 1,500 words, properly formatted
  • Uses three secondary sources, one being peer-reviewed
  • Writing from PSA must be revised
  • SSI writing must be integrated into the existent PSA writing, not just pasted on the end of the PSA
  • Uses MLA style, which includes parenthetical citations directly following a quotation, and block quote format for quotations of 4+ lines. ALL of your MLA questions can be answered on Purdue OWL. Read it and double and triple check your work. Style and formatting are important in writing.
  • Puts sources in conversation
  • Introduces quotations and then follows them with an analysis and application of the quote
  • Maintains your critical voice 
  • Includes a works cited page 

 You will need to find sources that substantiate/complicate your claims in your primary . source analysis, as stated in the prompt. the step one arp is attached

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